Chemicals Used in Cosmetic Products
  • 02.07.2020
  • HealthyLife

Chemicals Used in Cosmetic Products

During the day, we unconsciously expose our body to many chemicals. One of the biggest reasons for this is the cosmetic products used. The chemicals of life-long products from shampoo to moisturizer, from sunscreens to makeup products harm not only the person who use them. The harm of these poisonous soil and water-miscible substances to the environment is also very large. Chemicals used to prolong the shelf life of products are found in almost all the cosmetic products. The way to avoid these substances that have serious harm to human health goes through getting to know them. Here are the main chemicals that we often encounter in cosmetic products…


The paraben substance that we encounter in different forms such as “methylparaben”, “butylparaben”, “ethylparaben” and “propylparaben” is found in almost all the cosmetic products. The reason for this is that it prevents the bacteria and mold and prolongs the life of the products. Some researches have shown that parabens may increase the risk of breast cancer. At the same time, this substance can have unpleasant effects, especially on the skin of sensitive skin users.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)

Such surfactants as SLS and SLES are used in cleansing products, creams and lotions. These chemicals, which are used for such purposes as moisturizing the skin surface, are preferred in cleaning products because of their foaming feature. For example SLS is found among the products we frequently use in our daily lives such as shampoo, toothpaste, detergent and shower gel. These chemicals, which can cause skin and eye irritation, can also cause mouth ulcers and inflammations.


Dioxin, used in pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry, can increase the risk of cancer by accumulating in the body for long-term use. This substance, which is used because of its foaming feature, can be found in such products as shampoo, shower gel and liquid soap. Dioxin, which can also damage the immune system, is placed on the packaging with such expressions as "PEG, polysorbate60, polysorbate80, oxinol, nonoxynol, polyethylene glycol, polyethylene, polyoxyethylene".

Synthetic Coloring

Synthetic colorants used in colored cosmetics such as lipstick, eyeshadow and powder are included in the category of carcinogens, as they are derived from petroleum and derivatives. These chemicals, which have an effect that clogs the pores, are labeled as "FD&C and D&C" on the products. These expressions, which show that artificial coloring is used in products, can be found in the packaged food category and cosmetic products.


Phthalate substance, which we encounter in many product categories such as toys and medical materials also present in the cosmetic world. This substance used in personal care products is used for such purposes as providing fluidity or bitter taste to the products. Phthalate, which is found in such products as nail polish, lotion and hair spray, is especially known for its ability to increase the permanence of perfume fragrances. You can recognize this substance, which draws attention with the risk of breast cancer and the risk of damaging breast development in adolescents, from the DEP statement on the packaging.


Petrochemicals, which include chemical products made from petroleum, are found among the most frequently used substances in the cosmetics industry. These chemicals, which are used for such reasons as skin moistening, prolonging the shelf life of products and giving a smooth appearance, are included in the content part with such names as paraffin, butylene, propylene and ethylene instead of petrochemical name. These substances, which can be quite harmful for kidney, brain and respiratory system, can cause serious harm to human health when they interact with a body through the skin.